Frequent question: Which muscle abducts the arm to the horizontal position?

What muscle abducts the arm?

The primary muscles involved in the action of arm abduction include the supraspinatus, deltoid, trapezius, and serratus anterior.

What muscles do horizontal abduction?

Muscles that Horizontally Abduct the Shoulder

  • Posterior Deltoid.
  • Middle Trapezius.
  • Lower Trapezius.
  • Infraspinatus.
  • Middle Deltoid.
  • Supraspinatus.
  • Teres Minor.
  • Rhomboid Major.

What is horizontal abduction?

Horizonal abduction is the movement of the arms from horizontally across the body. Starting from a position where the arms are straight to the front (shoulders flexed at 90 degrees), moving in the transverse plane to end in a position where the arms are straight out to the side (flexed at 90 degrees).

What two muscles work together to extend and adduct the arm?

Key Takeaways

  • Muscles of both the upper arm and forearm control movement of the forearm.
  • The biceps brachii flex the forearm and work with the supinator of the forearm to rotate it so the palm faces upward.
  • The triceps brachii extend the forearm.

What is the difference between adduction and abduction?

“Abduction refers to your body part moving away from the midline of your body, adduction is coming towards the midline of your body,” explains Kewley. … He points out that “if you think about it, if you’re always working abduction and not working adduction you’re not actually working any of your adductors in your body.”

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How do you do a horizontal abduction?

Reach forward to place your hands directly in front of you at shoulder height. Keep your palms down. Reach out to the sides of your body with both hands at the same time. Hold for a count of three to five seconds and repeat 10 times.

What muscles raise arm overhead?


  • Infraspinatus: This rotator cuff muscle helps with the raising and lowering of the upper arm.
  • Triceps brachii: This large muscle in the back of the upper arm helps straighten the arm.

What plane is horizontal adduction in?

Flexion / extension: Movement occuring in a sagittal plane across a horizontal axis. Abduction / adduction: Movement occuring in a frontal plane across a sagittal axis.

What muscle flexes upper arm and helps abduct it?

vocab for Health Sciences 1

Question Answer
flexes upper arm and helps abduct it pectoralis major
compresses and closes the lips orbicularis oris
flexes and rotates the head sternocleidomastoid
moves the shoulder and extends the head trapezius

What muscles elevate your shoulders such as when you lift up a heavy object?

Here’s why: the two main muscles that elevate the shoulder blade are the upper fibers of trapezius and the levator scapulae. The upper trapezius runs from the middle of the back of the neck and the base of skull to the outer end of the collarbone (clavicle).

Which muscle supports the arm in a position of 90 degrees of abduction?

The trapezius and serratus anterior muscles work in tandem to coordinate rotation and movement of the scapula to accommodate the full range of motion of the arm. Specifically, they facilitate abduction of the arm from 90 degrees and further upwards.

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